Involvement of Private Companies in the HIV Response
Wednesday, 3 December 2014
There are many entities involved in the HIV response including the business sector, trade union organizations, the Spanish government, and public opinion.
According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), nine out of ten people (30 million) are living with HIV worldwide and are between the ages of 20 and 49, which are considered the most productive years of a person´s life. In Spain, approximately 64% are in this range. The above figures put us in a difficult situation that must be addressed in a multisectoral manner. Not only are the livelihoods of people living with HIV and their families affected by their condition, but also productivity, rights at work, growth economic development of countries and companies suffer.
Therefore, during the commemoration of World AIDS Day 2014 on December 1st, Trabajando en Positivo emphasizes the need for the government, public and private companies, business associations, trade unions as well as other agents of labor, health and social sphere to be involved in promoting and supporting national and international efforts in the response to HIV and AIDS.
According to Trabajando en Positivo, companies operating in Spain can play a fundamental role in converting the workplace to a setting that provides key responses to HIV. They can generate strategies and activities that contribute to the prevention of HIV and preserve the rights of working people.
To promote, from organized civil society, the necessary implication and an attitude of responsibility for Spanish private companies from the HIV epidemic, the Federation Positive working offers the initiative "Responsible Business with HIV and AIDS in Spain." It is open to any company (large, medium, or small) in any labor sector in order to generate strategies for information, awareness and HIV education directed towards their employees, families, and community, as well as to encourage the employment of people with HIV.
Under this initiative, Trabajando en Positivo gives businesses the tools necessary for the definition, implementation and evaluation of objectives and actions that compliment the efforts of information, prevention and discrimination. Simultaneously, they provide ways to respect the capacities, needs, and realities of the company, its workers, and its environment. Thus, the actions through which the initiative is run in each company can be as diverse as the workplace allows.
Companies may reap various benefits from the free assistance such as economic profitability, visibility and recognition of good practices, and improved working environment and productivity. Following the practice of the ILO HIV and AIDS in the workplace, we highlight two reasons why we consider Spanish involvement to be important in private companies in the response to HIV and AIDS in Spain:
a) The epidemiological situation of HIV in Spain: there is a need to expand existing strategies for voluntary and confidential testing among the population. It is estimated that about 30% of 150,000 people with HIV are unaware that they are infected and are the source of more than 50% of new infections. 46% of the 3,278 new cases detected in 2013 presented a late diagnosis, which implies a worse prognosis health, greater difficulty in selecting the appropriate antiretroviral therapy, and increased cost of treatment and care of patients.
b) The attitudes of existing stigma and discrimination towards people with HIV in the workplace: the end to discrimination, especially in the workplace, is one of the most effective actions we can take. Continued ignorance of basic information and the validity of prejudice and stereotypes associated with this infection leads to irrational fears of sharing workspaces with people with HIV and consequently systematic rejection.
Between 20.7% and 55% of people with HIV are unemployed. 75% are of working age.
Some of the evidence that reflect this climate of stigma and discrimination towards people with HIV in the Spanish labor market are: 25.8% of the population between something and feel totally uncomfortable at the prospect of sharing workspace with a person with HIV. 23.7% would try to avoid it.
Discrimination at work as the main reason for consultation in Legal Advisory services of different Spanish entities, through which they identify as main situations of discrimination as changes in working conditions, violation of the confidentiality of medical data, the exclusion clauses in opposition, the mobbing to force the voluntary departure of the worker, the request for an HIV test without relevance to the post, and the difficulties related to disability certificate when the company wants to know the cause of the disability of the person.
The Initiative "Responsible Companies with HIV and AIDS in Spain" is part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations, the guiding principles of the Global Compact, the Strategy "Getting to Zero" Joint Programme United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) and the international standards of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) on HIV and the workplace. It also relies on the initiative "Companies engaged in the response to HIV and AIDS" developed since 2009 by Guest Foundation in Argentina, from which come some of the arguments reflected in this manifesto, as well as the working model and the Declaration to be signed by the companies. Likewise, in Spain, is supported financially by the Ministry of Health and linked to the Strategic Plan for Prevention and Control of HIV and other STIs.
Speach Against AIDS
Tuesday, 2 December 2014
Time stops for the policies of HIV / AIDS in Catalonia; new infections and stigma. The Committee December 1st (C1D), the unit-AIDS NGO platform of Catalonia, held this December 1st a new World AIDS Day under the theme "agreed Rights". With this motto we want to value the networking that takes place from the C1D and its member in defense of the rights of all persons entities, showing the knots that bind us to the entities and all those who are part: the HIV, health, pleasure, diversity, equity or information. Likewise, we want to make visible, as part of this work, the National Agreement to address the HIV-related stigma and anti adopted on March 6, 2014 the Parliament of Catalonia. This visibility of a landmark agreement signed by all representatives of all citizens of Catalonia political parties, has a bittersweet aftertaste. From here solemnly in the Catalan Parliament approval, none of the commitments that it has been assumed contemplated by the institutions responsible for implementation. No talk about resources, we talk about responsibility, we speak of political will. The C1D brings you defending a model that prioritizes care for people based on the defense of their rights since 2012. In that year, 9 May, under the slogan "-recortadas, Excuses, + rights", asked the very Honorable President of the Generalitat of Catalonia not to give back to the policies of HIV / AIDS in Catalonia. From here this date despite the commitment of the President himself, far from improving the situation has only worsened. Excuses are maintained over time. In 2012, the excuse was the Spanish government cuts. The 2013 internal management of the government of Catalonia and the lack of budget. The 2014 issues of coordination between different departments of the government of Catalonia and the lack of resourcing. We none of them is valid. Just one year, in commemoration of this data indicated the same Honorable Minister of Health, Mr. Boi Ruiz ago, publicly pledged to seek a new model that would answer in this difficult situation and recognize the experience and capacity of the entities over 20 years we articulated quality and response throughout the territory. Although we have looked actions consist of responding to and shaping this new model, the reality of today, end of year is that we have no concrete answer, a fact which still further aggravated the situation described. Over the years we have amply demonstrated our institutional loyalty in these turbulent times but we can not believe in building a new model of country without clear that ensuring the rights of all persons belonging is a line insurmountable red. The feeling that accompanies us in commemorating this new World AIDS Day is that the country can definitely give us back unless there is a radical change of substance and form in the model presented as a public health model. This situation may result in the disappearance of associations that during all these years we have worked together with government being and feeling part of the health system. But the most serious and is not an assumption but a fact is that the immobility of current public health policies of the government of Catalonia, with policies exist prevention and direct care for people living with HIV each more devalued turn are already to date unable to respond effectively to the complexity of HIV / AIDS in Catalonia response. Policies can stand, but bear in mind the consequences of inaction. While no liabilities are incurred infections continue to increase and stigma against people living with HIV remains a reality in the daily lives of many. From the C1D and "agreed Rights", we demand a response responsible, forceful and imminent by the institutions of this situation before it happens unsustainable.
December 1st World Day Against HIV
Monday, 1 December 2014
December 1st World Day Against HIV An important day of struggle of all. We must not let HIV presence has only one day a year. We must make visible the problem of HIV. Sensitize society to do the test. Clamor for the importance of using condoms when having sex. Fight for our rights, from the 1D committee assemble a stop at the Santiago plaza. At 12 speech against HIV. And that is why we want to share this campaign, HIV is no reason for discrimination.